The History of the Lottery
A lottery is a method of allocating prizes to individuals in a group through a process that relies on chance. Prizes may be cash or goods. A lottery can also be used to determine who will receive services, such as medical treatment or public housing. Some states have even held lotteries for jobs, subsidized housing, kindergarten placements, or sports team draft picks. It is an inherently unfair system, since it disproportionately benefits the wealthy over those who are poorer. However, despite the fact that the odds of winning are extremely low, people continue to play the lottery, both online and in brick-and-mortar establishments. The reason is that it’s a human impulse to gamble.
In the early twentieth century, the United States began to hold larger-scale lotteries in order to raise money for a variety of public purposes. Lottery profits were supposed to help fund higher education, public works projects, roads, canals, bridges, and other infrastructure. Lotteries were also a popular way to raise funds for military efforts. Although this arrangement was ultimately unsuccessful, the concept of a state-sponsored and privately promoted lotteries remained widely popular throughout the country for the rest of the century.
Many state governments used the lottery to distribute large sums of money in order to make up for budget shortfalls. Initially, the lottery was not seen as a major source of revenue, but it eventually became one of the most important sources of state income, with more than half of all states generating substantial revenues from it. This allowed them to expand their social safety nets without imposing onerous taxes on the middle class and working class.
However, in the 1960s, when the lottery was introduced to the West Coast, this arrangement began to break down. The big lottery jackpots lured the wealthy away from their usual sources of revenue, and it wasn’t long before more progressive states began to outlaw the practice altogether.
In Shirley Jackson’s story “The Lottery,” the entire village gathers on the town square to compete in a lottery that will result in the death of one of their members. The villagers seem to be completely unaware that this event is abhorrent and cruel, but they still continue to participate in it annually.
Theme of Society
The lottery is a powerful tool for highlighting the power of mob psychology and social roles in a person’s life. It can impact an individual’s decision-making in a surprisingly drastic way, especially when they are part of a group. This is evident in Anton Chekhov’s The Bet and Shirley Jackson’s The Lottery.
In the latter story, the villagers’ behavior is influenced by their traditional gender roles and familial expectations. It is important to understand these factors in order to interpret the lottery’s true meaning.